Friday, December 11, 2009

Phoenix Mythical Bird

The Phoenix Mythical Bird which symbolizes rebirth, especially the sun and has variants in European, Central American, Egyptian and Asian cultures. The most popular variant has the bird living in Arabia for 500 years at the end of which it burns itself and its best, which, in the version of anti-Nicene father clement, is made of frankin cense, myrrh and other materials. A new Phoenix Mythical Bird always rises from the ashes. Ancient source on the mythical bird, besides clement are ovid, Pliny, tacit us and Herodotus.

Phoenix Mythical Bird of Egypt
In ancient Egyptian mythology and in myths derived from it, the phoenix is a mythical sacred firebird. Said to live for 500 or for 1461 years (depending on the source), the phoenix is a male bird with beautiful golden and red plumage. At the end of its life cycle the phoenix builds itself a nest of cinnamon twigs that it then ignites; both the nest and the bird phoenix burn fiercely and are reduced to ashes, from which a new young phoenix Arises.

The new phoenix embalms the ashes of old phoenix in an egg of myrrh and deposits it in Heliopolis (�the city of sun� in Greek), located in Egypt. Although the descriptions and the life-span vary the phoenix became popular in the early Christian art and literature as a symbol of the resurrection, of immortality, and of the life-after-death. The early Christians were convinced that the phoenix mythical bird was a real living creature.

Originally the phoenix mythical bird was identified by the Egyptians as stork or heron-like bird called a benu, known from the book of dead and other Egyptian tents as one of sacred symbols of worship at heliopolis, closely associated with the rising sun and the Egyptian Sun God Ra. The Egyptian phoenix was also associated with the inundation of the Nile and of the creation the heron represented the first life to appear on the primeval mound which rose from the watery chaos at the first creation. It was the bennu bird�s cry at the creation of world which marked the beginning of time.

Classical Arabian Phoenix Mythical Bird
This variant of the phoenix is the most popularly known one. The Arabian phoinix (as they call it) was a fabulous mythical bird, said to be as large as an eagle, with brilliant scarlet and gold plumage. According to the greeks, the mythical bird phoenix made its nest near a cool well. It would appear at dawn every morning to sing a song so enchanting that even the great Sun God Apollo would stop to listen. It was said that only one phoenix mythical bird exited at one time and had a very long life span. It lives on dew, killing nothing and crushing nothing that it touches. Generally considered the king of birds it was alternatively called the bird of sun.

Chinese phoenix (feng-huang)
In chinese mythology, the phoenix mythical bird is the symbol of high virtue, grace, power and prosperity. It symbolized the empress usually in a pairing with a dragon (the dragon representing the emperor), and only the empress could wear the phoenix symbol. The phoenix mythical bird represented power sent from the heavens to the empress. If a phoenix was used to decorate a house it symbolized that loyalty and honestly was in the people that lived there. Jewelry with the phoenix symbol showed that the person was of high moral values. The Chinese phoenix mythical bird was thought to have the beak of a cock, the face of a swallow, the neck of a snake, the breast of a goose, the back of a tortoise, hindquarters of a stag and the tail of a fish. It is feathers were of five fundamental colures: black, white, red, green and yellow.